A child goes through four distinct periods of growth and development. These periods not only prepare the child for adulthood, but also establish fundamental features and elements that remain a part for the remainder of his life. The four stages of growth development of a child are infancy, preschool years, middle childhood years and adolescence.
Just after birth, an infant loses around 5-10% of his or her weight at the time of birth (birth weight). However, a child should start to regain weight and grow quickly by the second week of birth.
A four to six months old child’s weight should be double the birth weight. In the second half of the first year, an infant does not grow too rapidly. In the second year, a toddler is expected to gain about 5 pounds and till the age of 5, an average child gains 5 pounds per year.
From preschool stage to middle childhood years, a child shows a steady growth in height and weight. Significant changes can be observed at the start of puberty, which is usually between the ages of 9-15.
This is the phase where parents usually begin to worry about the growth of their children. Stunt growth and less body weight become one of their major concerns. Parents should understand that as a child grows, the needs of his/her body keep changing. The nutrition needs would be more than a school age child’s needs and would eventually keep increasing as the child gets closer to adolescence.
Moreover, at this point of growth development in a child, parents should encourage physical activities such as sports and exercises. These will help to create tension in the muscles and bones, eventually enabling them to grow and prevent stunt growth. Sports like basketball and football help children attain their maximum body strength. Other physical activities like cycling, running, swimming and weight training can also help a child generate positive energy. Most parents can be seen asking can weights stunt your growth in this regard, but you can be rest assured that weights do not have any adverse effects on growth.
Poor nutrition intake and lack of physical activities can cause serious problems to the growth development of a child and can also halt a child’s intellectual development. A child with inadequate diet may get tired too early, making it difficult for him/her to learn at school. Moreover, an insufficient nutrition intake can result in regular sickness. Therefore, it is imperative for parents to take extra care of their children during the early stages of their development. Children should be habitual of a healthy routine life so that they do not face any difficulty while growing up into mature adults.
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However, if a child shows stunt growth even after all the necessary measures, then the parents should consult expert advice from doctors. Sometimes during the growth development of a child, the hormones get disturbed which affect the overall progression. It is important for parents to not ignore such common factors and must try to get proper assistance from experts.