The worry that their child would not be able to attain a good height is a cause of perpetual concern among parents. There are some children who have a genetic predisposition to have a short height. These are the children who are the offspring of not so tall parents and thus, the genes that are transferred on to them show similar results.
Stunted growth does not refer to such cases. Before we move on to discuss what stunts growth, it is essential to first understand the concept of stunted growth. This information would enable you to acquire a better understanding of what stunts growth, after which you would be able to ensure that you take preventive measures in a better way.
Stunted growth basically implies that the child fails to reach the appropriate height deemed by the World Health Organization. The height range that has been decided by the World Health Organization has been formulated keeping in mind that such children have the right stature. However, the children who do not meet the desired range are termed as cases of stunted growth.
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In fact, it is not only children who fall prey to this condition. The usual age by which girls normally attain an increase in height is around 18 years and the same for boys is 24. Often, it is seen that while the progression of height was normal in the early days, by the teenage years, the growth somewhat decreased. The causes of these two situations are different. It is essential to know what stunts growth in both these scenarios so that appropriate preventive measures can be taken.
Let us first talk about the children. The most common cause of stunted growth in early life is malnutrition. In early life, the child relies on breast milk to attain the nutrition that is required for him to flourish. If the maternal nutrition is not up to the mark, the effects have to be borne by the baby as well. It needs to be understood that during the period of lactation, the mother is the sole source of nutrition for the baby. If she does not have enough nutrients, the baby would have to suffer.
Moving ahead with what stunts growth, poor feeding practices are another factor that is found to be responsible. It has to be ensured that children do not suffer from malnutrition. Lack of sanitary conditions is also an important factor. Infections and poor living conditions have an abysmal effect on the growth of a child.
It is important that you are well aware of what stunts growth so that you can ensure that your child does not have to suffer through this and you can take measures to prevent this.